Panch Badri

Badri Vishal
Location Area (sq km) Altitude (m) Population Pin Code STD Code Head Quarter
30°44'0"N
79°32'51"E
3 3133 841 246422 01381 Joshimath
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Uttarakhand Guide

Badri Vishal by its name means the greatest Badri. Badri is another name of lord Vishnu and it is the name of a berry Bayar with its legend connected to the Bayar tree.

Badri Vishal- one of the five Panch Badri is popularly known as Badrinath Dham as it is one of the chhota Char Dham and also one among the popular Char Dham (four Pilgrimages) of India. Badri Vishal temple was established by Aadi Shankaracharya.

Badri Vishal Religious Significance

Badri Vishal temple is one of the most pious and most visited Hindu Pilgrimages in Uttarakhand state. One meter tall black stone statue of lord Vishnu in Badri Vishal is considered as one of the eight self manifested statues of Vishnu. The black stone is Shaligram- Hindu devotees believe Shaligram to be lord Vishnu, as they believe Pipal tree, Tulashi herb and Kush shrub as the form of lord Vishnu. The story connects with pure woman Brinda who cursed lord Vishnu for his mischief towards her. The story of Swosthani states that lord Vishnu attired in the form of Brinda’s husband Jalandhar and kept physical relation with her in order to help lord Shiva kill Jalandhar. When Brinda realized that the person who slept with her last night was not her husband Jalandhar but lord Vishnu attired as Jalandhar, Brinda cursed lord Vishnu that he should live as stone, tree, herb and shrub. Thus to purify, lord Vishnu took form of Shaligram, Peepal, Tulashi and Kush which Hindu devotees consider as sacred and worship till date.

Vishnu is sitting in meditative form in Badri Vishal under a gold canopy resembling a Badri/Bayar tree. The colorful gate and temple resembling Buddhist monastery offers meditative vibes to the visitors. There are many other idols in the temple which include Narsingha (forth incarnation of lord Vishnu in the form of half human and half lion), goddess Lakshmi, Navdurga, Narada, Garuda, Nara and Narayana (popularly called for Arjuna-the third of Pandavas and lord Krishna. It is also believed there were sages named Nara and Narayana who meditated in the region of Uttarakhand in ancient times), Kubera and Uddhava. Nearby is a hot water spring Tapt Kund with temperature 45̊C throughout the year. Pilgrims bath in Tapt Kund before entering Badri Vishal temple. They also believe that the water has medicinal values.

Legend and History of Badri Vishal

A sage once chastised lord Vishnu about his consort Laxmi always massaging his feet. To fulfill the punishment, lord Vishnu went to Badri Ban (forest) for meditation and sat on Padmasana (position as Kamal or lotus flower) meditating for a long time. Being unable to endure her husband suffering from extreme heat, goddess Laxmi stood by lord Vishnu’s side providing shadow to him and after years turned into a huge Badri or Bayar tree thus named Badri Vishal and her consort lord Vishnu is called Badri Vishal.

A self manifested statue of lord Vishnu appeared at the place where lord Vishnu meditated and a huge Badri tree provided shadow to the statue. In course of time, natural catastrophes destroyed the statue and it was later retrieved from Alaknanda river and enshrined in Garud Gufa near Tapt Kund by Aadi Shankaracharya in 9th century. The Garhwal King and vaishnava saint Varadarajacharya installed the idol at present place and built the temple.

While visiting Panch Badri, Badri Vishal is at the highest destination and can be the last destination of pilgrims or trekking enthusiasts. Besides religious values and spiritual peace, Badri Vishal also offers immense beauty and fascinating view that captivates you.

Badri Vishal | Best Time  to Visit

April to October is considered best for Badri Vishal visit as winter is extremely cold and snow blocks the road. Monsoon months June-July-August and early September are also better avoided though Badri Vishal is the best route among all chhota CharDham pilgrimages.

Badri Vishal | How to Reach ?

  • By Air: Jolly Grant airport Dehradun is the nearest airport 312Km from Badri Vishal temple. You can hire cab or buses direct from Dehradun to Badri Vishal or go to Haridwar and Rishikesh and start your trip.
  • By Rail: Rishikesh railway station is the nearest railhead 295Km from Badri Vishal temple. You can find cab or buses to Badri Vishal temple form Rishikesh.
  • By Road: The trip to Badri Vishal usually begins from Haridwar passing through Rishikesh – Devprayag – Srinagar – RudraprayagKarnaprayagNandprayagVridha BadriAdi BadriBhavishya Badri – Joshimath – VishnuprayagYogdhyan Badri and finally reaching Badri Vishal on bus or cab. Badri Vishal is 318Km from Haridwar.

Route to Badri Vishal

  • Kedarnath – Gaurikund – Phata – Guptakashi – Kund – Ukhimath – Chopta – Mandal – Gopeshwar – Chamoli – Pipalkoti – Joshimath – Badri Vishal
  • Dehradun – Rishikesh – Srinagar – Rudraprayag – Karnaprayag – Chamoli – Pipalkoti – Joshimath –Badri Vishal

Badri Vishal | Places to See

  • Mana Village: 3Km from Badri Vishal temple along the Alaknanda river, you will reach a small beautiful village Mana that houses Vyas Gufa where the writer of Mahabharata, sage Vyas had been born and meditated. Saraswati river is visible nearby Vyas Gufa and Ganesh Guha. You can also view Vasudhara waterfall and reach at the waterfall trekking 4Km from Mana village.
  • Neelkantha: Surrounded by thick Oak and deodar forest, Neelkantha Mahadev Temple is situated 32Km away from Rishikesh and lies in Pauri Garhwal district of Dev Bhoomi Uttarakhand at the place where people believe that lord Shiva had consumed the Venom that had emited during the Sumandra Manthan.
  • Few famous destinations near to  Badri-Vishal are — Joshimath  |  Auli  |  Vishnuprayag  |  Gangotri National Park  |  Gangotri Glacier  |  Valley of Flowers 
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