Nanda Devi Raj Jat

Nanda Devi Raj Jat Yatra | HISTORY | Nanda Devi Raj Jat Yatra | TREKKING ROUTE
Nanda Devi Raj Jat Yatra | HISTORY
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According to the legends, Nanda Devi Raj Jat was started by Jagadguru Shankaracharya. Historians have debate over it but the idols of Parvati, Bhagwati and Bhigneshwar found in Dewal, Bdini and Kaila Binayak dating back from 8th to 10th Century AD and the inscripted idol of Ganesh of 9th Century AD at Jyurangli clarify the tradition of this kind of Yatra.

According to other records, Nanda Devi Raj Jat’s history dates back to 9th Century AD when it was called Nanda Jat and celebrated each year at different places by the locals. Later on 15th Century AD, King Ajay Pal (Shesh Pal) of Chandragarhi combined all the Jats into one royal pilgrimage and started celebrating the farewell journey once in 12 years. Shesh Pal added the word Raj (royal) in Nanda Jat and announced the participation of royal family and royal priest in the journey. Since then the yatra is organized by the successors of royal family. They offer tarpana (a ritual in Hinduism where food is offered to dead ancestors as remembrance and for spiritual peace) for their ancestor Yashodhawal, his pregnant wife Vallavi, courtesan along with other local people.

Though the yatra is to be held once each 12 years, the records of Nauti shows it is not regular. As per the record, Nanda Devi Raj Jat had been held in 1820, 1843, 1863, 1886, 1905, 1925, 1951, 1968, 1987 and 2000. The festival is being organized this year (2013).

Other festivals in Uttarakhand – Mahasu Devta Fair | Jhanda Fair